Whenever you are dealing with hazardous waste, it is extremely important to know what to do and also what not to do. By doing the wrong thing, there could be severe repercussions. It is always good to have at least some knowledge of the hazardous materials that you are dealing with.
This will give you a sense of responsibility. If toxic materials are not managed properly, it could cause a lot of harm to people, the environment and perhaps even to your immediate neighbourhood.
The hazardous waste can be from your own home, or it could be from industrial manufacturing facilities, or both. Let’s have a look at important things you should know the different types of hazardous waste and the corresponding liquid waste disposal methods. Here are 5 kinds that must be disposed of safely.
1. Listed Waste
As you may already know, or perhaps seen, there are some wastes that have labels stating that it is a dangerous substance. This helps the public know that it has to be handled with extreme care. A listed waste can be subdivided into a couple of categories, mainly ‘Dangerous Waste Sources’ and ‘Discarded Chemical Products’. These tend to have only a single active ingredient, such as a formaldehyde.
2. Characterized Waste
This type of waste can be further subdivided into ignitable, reactive, toxic and corrosive. As the name suggests, ignitable wastes are capable of starting fires. Examples of ignitable wastes include dry cleaning waste, solvents and paint waste.
Corrosive waste includes battery acid and plating waste. Corrosive materials have the ability to corrode metal drums and other metallic containers. An example of a reactive waste is peroxide which is capable of releasing toxic fumes. They also pose the threat of explosions in certain conditions. Toxic waste like pesticides are harmful if ingested unknowingly.
3. Universal Waste
Many forms of universal waste are actually found in your own home. Things like batteries, pesticides and anything containing mercury can all be hazardous if not disposed of properly. Each province will have their own set of rules and regulations although the concept will basically be the same with only subtle differences. If you are not sure, find out about how to get rid of these wastes responsibly by contacting the relevant authorities in your particular province.
4. Mixed Waste
These wastes will contain both radioactive and toxic materials. The majority of such waste are usually commercially generated. This kind of waste can be found in certain industries such as nuclear and energy plants and pharmacies.
5. Electronic Or E-Waste
Now that the world has become increasingly digitized, more and more e-waste is being produced and being discarded as well. Many times, the discarding process is not done correctly, which leads to dangerous situations. Some of the components and materials used can be harmful and cause long-term repercussions if it is not handled properly.
You should never dispose toxic materials down a drain, in a trash bin or in a sewer. This can be extremely dangerous. Try to find out from provincial authorities how to dispose of such materials. Once you know a little more about it, particularly the consequences of irresponsible actions, then the environment won’t be needlessly polluted and everyone can be safer.